Are Broken Capillaries really Broken ?
Quick Answer: No
It is a common misconception that broken capillaries are broken; they are actually enlarged or dilated which then becomes visible on the surface of the skin. This can become a cosmetic issue, especially if there are several dilated blood vessels on the face.
Are there any different types of Broken Capillaries?
Broken capillaries can be divided in two types :
Varicose veins are commonly found on the backs of the calves or on the inside of the leg. During pregnancy, varicose veins called hemorrhoids can form in the vagina or around the anus. Varicose veins are enlarged veins that can be flesh colored, dark purple or blue. They often look like cords and appear twisted and bulging. They are swollen and raised above the surface of the skin. Until appropriate treatment, they can be covered up with a good concealer cover-up product.
Spider veins (broken capillaries) are similar to varicose veins, but they are smaller. They are often red or blue and are closer to the surface of the skin than varicose veins. They can look like tree branches or spider webs with their short jagged lines. Spider veins can be found on the legs and face. Broken capillaries are more common with advanced age because the skin becomes thinner. Broken capillaries are actually dilated blood vessels. These broken blood vessels can become more prominent with sun exposure, harsh cleansers, alcohol or even some food allergies.
Ohhh no, I have broken capillaries , what caused them?
There are several reasons a person may have dilated blood vessels. Some of the more common reasons include:
- Rosacea: It is a mysterious skin disorder. For most people it first appears as a blush across the cheeks that either comes and goes or sticks around. After a while, the flushing becomes more persistent and intense, with noticeable spider-like capillaries accompanied by bumps that look like, but aren’t, acne. Extreme sensitivity and flaking round out this not-so-pretty picture.
- Liver disease: The broken capillaries may also indicate liver damage. Usually this only occurs after many years of alcohol abuse.
- Sun damage or photo-sensitivity
- Medications or surgery
- Old age: When people are getting older, then elastin and collagen are becoming weaker because they are not replaces so quickly. This factor in a combination with other factors are reason why skin is becoming thinner and people are increasing their chances for getting broken capillary. When this is happening, our skin is becoming less flexible. It is a very easy to be bruised easily. People from old ages are having more chances to get broken capillaries. When they are old, blood spots on their faces can be easily identified.
- Genetics: Genes are also having one of the biggest roles for this disorder. When your grandparents are having broken capillary on their faces or on their arms and legs, then you are having bigger chances to get broken capillaries. It is not proven that if your grandparents are having broken capillaries, you will also have this disorder. But your chances to get broken capillaries are increased with this factor.
- Hormones: When people are having some changes in their hormones, then they are having the biggest chances to get spider veins or broken capillary. This disorder is more common in women compared with men. They often have broken capillaries on their faces and arms. Pregnancy, puberty and menopause are examples when women are having changes in their hormones.
- Environment: Extremely cold conditions, windburns or sunburns can easily get you to broken capillary. Although heat does not generally cause this kind of issue, you may notice a worsening in the redness following exercise or during hot weather.
Am I the only one who suffers from broken capillaries?
Many factors increase a person’s chances of developing broken capillaries including increasing age, family members with a history of broken capillary or varicose veins, hormonal changes, pregnancy, obesity, sun exposure.So, it is very common !
Are broken capillaries painful or dangerous?
Varicose veins usually enlarge and worsen over time and severe varicose veins can cause health problems. Spider veins usually do not need medical treatment. Once again, cover up makeup is great alternative to camouflaging those spider veins or varicose veins and it is not painful!
How can I prevent them?
Prevention is better that cure:
Not all broken capillaries can be prevented.However, some things can reduce the possibility of getting new ones. The same things can help ease discomfort from the ones you already have :
- Wear sunscreen
- Always wear a hat or a scarf
- Exercise (Activities like walking, swimming, or yoga can provide a workout without as much redness)
- Control your weight
- Eat a low salt diet
- Do not cross your legs
- Avoid extreme temperatures, both in the cold and the heat
- Keep the thermostat in your house balanced, not letting the temperature rise and fall too often
When should I visit the doctor ?
Remember these important questions when deciding whether to see your doctor about broken capillaries. Has the varicose vein become swollen, red, or very tender or warm to the touch? Then see your doctor.
New technology in laser treatments can effectively treat spider veins in the legs. Laser surgery sends very strong bursts of light onto the vein removing the spider vein or varicose vein. Two to five treatments are generally needed to remove spider veins in the legs. For spider veins larger than 3 mm, laser therapy is not very practical.
Sclerotherapy is the most common treatment for both spider veins and varicose veins. There are three different types:
Ultrasound Sclerotherapy: This breakthrough varicose vein treatment allows many patients to dodge surgeries that would have been necessary for treatment of hidden veins in the past. With ultrasound guided sclerotherapy, doctors are able to see, via the machine’s external monitor, veins that are otherwise hidden from plain sight. Rather than cutting into a patient, doctors can use ultrasound to pinpoint diseased veins and treat them via injections of sclerosant, which irritates the spider or varicose veins’ lining, causing the blood to clot and the vein to shrink.
Liquid Sclerotherapy: This form of sclerotherapy treatment is also known as injection therapy and is a standard treatment for spider veins, reticular veins (or blue veins) and smaller varicose veins. Your doctor will inject a specially formulated solution inside the affected vein, causing the vein wall to become irritated and inflamed, then scar and close up or shrink. With the diseased vein closed off, healthy blood vessels surrounding it will absorb the extra blood flow.
Foam Sclerotherapy: If you’ve got larger and longer varicose veins, it is recommended foam sclerotherapy over ultrasound or liquid sclerotherapy treatment. In this form of treatment, a patient’s blood vessel is injected with flam sclerosant drugs that are blended with CO2 and air either inside a syringe or via a mechanical pump. This mixture gives the solution a wider reach than the solution used in liquid sclerotherapy. This mixture displaces blood inside the vein and delivers maximum sclerosant action.
There are many formulations of concealers on the market today that will cover up all different types of skin discolorations such as spider veins (broken capillaries), and varicose veins. We offer cosmetic solutions…make-up does matter! The right consistency concealer, the right color, the right technique, will create the right results.
An inexpensive method used to vaporize broken capillaries is the use of electrocautery. Electrocautery, also known as thermal cautery, refers to a process in which a direct or alternating current is passed through a resistant metal wire electrode, generating heat. The heated electrode is then applied to living tissue to achieve hemostasis or varying degrees of tissue destruction. Electrocautery can be used in various minor surgical procedures in dermatology, ophthalmology, otolaryngology, plastic surgery, and urology.
5.Tretinoins (vitamin A creams)
There are many skin creams on the market that claim to improve broken capillaries but there really is no cream that can make them disappear. Tretinoin helps reduce the visibility of these capillaries because it builds surface collagen in the dermis, thus minimizing the appearance of these capillaries. Some women have reported that they feel the use of tretinoin has contributed to additional broken capillaries, though dermatologists those appearances are more due to sun exposure and aging.
Three more to learn :
The link between aloe vera and beautiful and healthy skin has been known and used for a very long time. This wondrous all natural product prevents aging, it moisturizes the skin in a way that no cream can, it reduces acne and helps fight against redness and blemishes, it reduces tan and helps a lot with sunburn as well as the fact that it heals external wounds and removes insect bites.This historically medicinal plant contains as much as 75 nutrients, 20 minerals, 12 vitamins, 18 amino acids and over 200 active enzymes. Aloe Vera contains Vitamin A, B1, B2, B6, B12, Vitamin C, Vitamin E, folic acid and Niacin. Minerals found in Aloe include copper, iron, sodium, potassium, zinc, calcium, chromium, mangnesium and manganese. This multifaceted plant also contains a range of other beneficial compounds like polysaccharides, mannans and lectins. This rich tapestry of nutritional potential boasts powerful healing energy for both internal and external application, making it a truly versatile and holistic natural ingredient.
7.Vitamin C and Lysine
Vitamin C and lysine are an effective natural treatment for broken capillaries. These supplements are taken internally to help heal the body from the inside out. Vitamin C is important for skin health and healthy blood vessels. Lysine is an amino acid that is needed for collagen formation. While some people will experience results with one or the other of these supplements, sometimes the sum is greater than the parts.There are no conclusive studies stating that vitamin C and lysine get rid of broken capillaries, but some people report seeing a reduction after incorporating these supplements into their daily routine. Before you start taking supplements, consult with your doctor to make sure it’s a healthy choice for you.
8.Intense pulsed light (IPL)
This treatment delivers intense pulsed light directly into the capillaries and the heat causes the vessels to shrink and fade.Like laser, a topical anesthetic is often applied prior to treatment to avoid any pain and discomfort. The procedure itself takes anywhere from 2-3 minutes for the spider veins around the nose to approximately 15 minutes for a cluster of spider veins on the legs. Treatments may need to be repeated 2-3 times to get the best aesthetic result. IPL is employed in the treatment of a range of dermatological conditions including photodamage induced dyspigmentation and vascular changes, poikiloderma of Civatte, rosacea, acne vulgaris, sebaceous gland hyperplasia, broken capillaries/telangiectases, vascular lesions (small blood vessels), pigmented lesions (freckles, liver spots, birth marks ), melasma, actinic keratosis, photorejuvenation.
Sclerotherapy Treatments for Varicose Veins – Jacksonville Center Offers Three Types